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Monday, August 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of Pneumococcal endocarditis found in the catalog.

Pneumococcal endocarditis

R. W. Luxton

Pneumococcal endocarditis

by R. W. Luxton

  • 48 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by University Press in [Oxford .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Endocarditis.,
  • Endocarditis -- Etiology.,
  • Pneumonia.

  • Edition Notes

    Caption title.

    Statementby R. W. Luxton and G. Stewart Smith.
    ContributionsSmith, G. Stewart.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination75p., [2]p. of plates :
    Number of Pages75
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18660188M

    Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 28 th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; American Academy of Pediatrics. Technical report: prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate and polysaccharide vaccines and antibiotic prophylaxis. Pediatrics ; The incidence of pneumococcal cardiac infections is unknown and the pathogenicity of such complications is poorly understood. In a prospective, international, observational study, eight of patients hospitalised with Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteraemia developed endocarditis (n = 5) or pericarditis (n = 3).The clinical and microbiological characteristics of these patients were compared.

    Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioners and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.   Pneumococcal endocarditis and disseminated infection. S R Heard, J Pickney, D S Tunstall-Pedoe; Department of Medical Microbiology, St Bartholomew's Hospital, West Smithfield, London. Abstract. A 61 year old woman presented with back pain and clinical signs of meningitis. Pleocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid was found, but although Cited by: 9.

    Pneumococcal endocarditis most often presents as an ulcerative endocarditis causing rapid destruction of the normal aortic valve, but pulmonic valve involvement is rarely reported. Alcoholism is the most frequent underlying medical condition, and the infection typically follows pneumonia and may additionally be complicated by meningitis (Osler. Case series have suggested that pneumococcal endocarditis is a rare disease, mostly reported in patients with co-morbidities but no underlying valve disease, with a rapid progression to heart failure, and high mortality. We performed a case-control study of 28 patients with pneumococcal endocarditis (cases), and 56 patients with non.


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Pneumococcal endocarditis by R. W. Luxton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Background. Pneumococcal endocarditis (PE) has become uncommon since the advent of penicillin; it now develops in less than 1% of native heart valves r, an increase in the number of prosthetic heart valves as a predisposing factor for PE has recently been observed, accounting for 22–31% of all cases of valve Pneumococcal endocarditis book rmore, many cases of penicillin‐resistant Author: Juan Lacalzada, Marta Padilla, Alejandro de la Rosa, Ignacio Laynez.

Since a comprehensive review of this topic has not been published sincewe reviewed cases of pneumococcal endocarditis in the penicillin era, with particular attention to disease recognition, the role of echocardiography, and the dilemmas surrounding medical Cited by:   Although Streptococcus pneumoniae accounts for 3%–7% of cases of endocarditis in children [], few series have been reported in theElward et al.

[] reported a case of pneumococcal endocarditis in a child and reviewed the previous 18 pediatric cases on native valves reported in the literature dating back to We now report 11 cases of pneumococcal endocarditis Cited by: Case series have suggested that pneumococcal endocarditis is a rare disease, mostly reported in patients with co-morbidities but no underlying valve disease, with a rapid progression to heart failure, and high mortality.

We performed a case–control study of 28 patients with pneumococcal endocarditis (cases), and 56 patients with non-pneumococcal endocarditis (controls), not matched for sex Cited by: 4.

Pneumococcal endocarditis is a serious condition with a rapidly destructive nature and high fatality rate, demanding prompt medical and surgical treatment. Red Book: Report of the. Pneumococcal endocarditis remains a complication of very serious prognostic import.

Inasmuch as it may occur in patients Pneumococcal endocarditis book previously undamaged valves, every pneumococcal infection should be treated vigorously and early, with the aim of preventing endocardial complications.

Subacute manifestation of pneumococcal endocarditis has been reported a few times in the literature, but most reports define the disease as acute, severe, and having a high mortality rate.

Introduction. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare cause of infective endocarditis (IE) in the post-antibiotic era, accounting for pneumococcal infections such as pneumococcal endocarditis, and predisposing factors include chronic alcoholism, congestive heart failure, current smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary Author: Taiji Okada, Hiroyuki Yoshitomi, Yuji Harada, Shimpei Ito, Taku Nakamura, Tomoko Adachi, Ryuma Nakas.

One of our three pneumococcal endocarditis cases involved a prosthetic valve, another a repaired mitral valve and ring, possibly suggesting a higher propensity of S. pneumoniae to infect prosthetic rather than natural valves.

This trend has not previously been reported: the Bruyn et al. reported five patients with pneumococcal endocarditis of whom one had PVE Bruyn et al.

()), and. The Pneumococcal vaccine can protect agains pneumococcal disease, which is any type of infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.

There are two kinds of pneumococcal vaccines available in the US: Pneumococcal conjugate and Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines. INTRODUCTION. Invasive pneumococcal disease is defined as an infection confirmed by the isolation of Streptococcus pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (eg, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and pleural, joint, or peritoneal fluid but not sputum).S.

pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is an important and well-known cause of bacteremia in both immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. There was no pneumococcal serotype predilection for endocarditis.

Endocarditis is an uncommon complication of IPD, but, when present, is associated with a significantly increased risk of mortality. Overall, few specific risk factors were identified for IPD-related endocarditis, with the exception of illicit drug by: 3. common in pneumococcal than in non-pneumococcal endocarditis.

Cardiac surgery was required in % of patients with pneumococcal endocarditis, much earlier than in patients with non-pneumococcal endocarditis (mean time from symptom onset, ± versus ± days). In-hospital mortality rates were similar (% versus %).

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common cause of invasive bacterial infections in children, including febrile bacteremia. Pneumococci also are a common cause of acute otitis media, sinusitis, community-acquired pneumonia, pleural empyema, and conjunctivitis.

S pneumoniae remains the most common cause of bacterial meningitis and subdural hygromas in infants and children from 2 months of age in. Pneumococcal vaccine. The vaccine most commonly used in the UK is a polyvalent vaccine containing purified capsular polysaccharide from each of the 23 types of pneumococcus which are responsible for the majority of serious pneumococcal infections seen in this country.

A SIGNIFICANT reduction in the incidence of pneumococcal endocarditis has occurred since the introduction of penicillin. Though 15% of Thayer's 1 cases of endocarditis prior to were caused by pneumococci, recently published series 2,3 indicate that the pneumococcus now accounts for less than 3% of all cases.

Though pneumococcal endocarditis was with rare Cited by: Pneumococcal, Gonococcal, and Meningococcal Endocarditis. IE caused by pneumococci, gonococci, or meningococci is now very rare.

Pneumococcal IE must be considered in any patient with pneumococcal bacteremia, especially if meningitis is present. By preventing the premature death of patients with pneumococcal endocarditis, a hitherto almost uniformly fatal disorder, penicillin enables some of these persons to recover from.

References. Heschl: Pathologisch-anatomische Mittheilungen aus dem Gratzer allgemeinen Krankenhause: by: pneumococcal endocarditis in [5], only sporadic reference to this disease has appeared in the medical literature, either as isolated case reports [6, 7] or in general reviews of endocarditis [8] or pneumococ-cal disease [9, 10].

Seven cases of pneumococcal en-docarditis have been seen at Washington University. It is also important to get an influenza vaccine every year because having the flu increases the likelihood of getting pneumococcal disease.

Antibiotics. CDC does not recommend that close contacts of someone with pneumococcal disease receive antibiotics to prevent them from getting sick.

Experts call this prophylaxis. Generally, people do not develop pneumococcal disease after exposure to. Pneumococcal endocarditis is associated with rapid destruction of heart valves, and all patients with this disease should be evaluated from the start by a cardiologist and/or a cardiovascular surgeon.

Initial therapy should include vancomycin and ceftriaxone until the results of minimal bactericidal concentration testing are known.Pneumococcal infections. In: Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Long SS, McMillan JA, eds. Red Book Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases.

28th ed. American Academy of Pediatrics; Ludwig E, Bonanni P, Rohde G, Sayiner A, Torres A. The remaining challenges of pneumococcal disease in adults.

Eur Respir Rev. ;Pneumococcal endocarditis is a rare condition. An incidence of % is described in the literature3,4,5. In a study conducted at J. P. Garrahan Hospital, it was found that 8% of IE diagnosed between and had pneumococcal identification7. The clinical picture of IE from S pneumoniae is.